We were having a leakage issue in our basement that was due to moisture in our chimney. The frigid Chicago weather has caused quite a havoc this winter. Lindemann was able to diagnose the problem and ... - Steve M. (Chicago, IL)
My experience with Lindemann was excellent. They came out and did what no one else could. Mine was a smoke issue. After having a fire the entire house would smell of smoke. I could have hung pork bell... - Frank F. (Mount Prospect, IL)
These guys are great! We had our chimney inspected/cleaned by Jim who was extremely knowledgeable and super nice! Definitely recommend these guys! And free wood with the chimney cleaning! Super! ... - Steve S. (Chicago, IL)
At Lindemann Chimney Service we love to help our customers with their fireplace needs. Starting a fire in a fireplace can be tricky because some conditions are out of your control. That’s why building a proper fire takes knowledge and a little creativity.
The first step is to open the fireplace damper. If your damper handle looks like a fishbone, you have the “poker” style handle. Just grab the handle and push it up, securing it in the notch that places the damper plate open the farthest. If your damper has a “rotary” handle, you turn a knob on the fireplace facing until the damper opens. Take a peek before continuing to make sure the damper plate is fully open.
A top-sealing chimney damper has a bracket and a spring handle in the firebox. A cable flows from the handle to the damper lid on top of the chimney. When the handle is secured in the bracket the lid will be in the closed position. To open the damper, pull downward and release the handle. There should be a “clunk” sound as the lid up top opens. Then, the spring handle will move upwards about 6″ to 10″. You should be able to look up and see daylight.
Wait a few minutes, then check the direction of air flow at the fireplace opening. Make sure the air is moving up the flue. If it’s coming down the flue you will most likely get smoke in your face and in the room when you light the fire. To check is you can light a match and blow it out and see which direction the smoke is moving. Or put a candle in the opening and see which way the flame moves. Or use incense. All should indicate air movement towards the fireplace/flue opening.
If you feel cold air coming down the flue and it’s pretty strong you might want to reconsider starting a fire. If the wind is blowing and the strength of the cold wind in your face matches the wind gusts outside, close the damper back up and call us at 847-918-7994 or click here for trouble-shooting information. You may need a special cap that prevents wind from blowing down the flue.
If it’s a steady flow of cold air and not extremely strong, you may be able to reverse the flow by preheating the flue. This can usually be done with a hair dryer or rolling up newspapers into a cone shape, lighting it and holding it up near the damper. You should notice a lessening of the cold air downdraft within about 2-5 minutes. Once again do the draft check to make sure the air is moving towards the fireplace and up the flue.
My favorite fireplace log arrangement is to put two larger bottom logs parallel to each other with about 2″-3″ of airspace between them. Then I criss-cross these bottom logs, setting smaller logs on top of them. These smaller logs should be parallel to each other with an airspace of 1″-2″. If I have room I place even smaller pieces on the next layer, criss-crossing 3 or 4 logs parallel to each other, then use kindling or a wax starter brick on the top. My favorite has become the wax starter brick (not the wax log). It catches fire easily, burns cleaner than kindling and it heats things up quicker with a longer sustained heat source.
The reason I like to go from larger logs at the bottom to smaller logs and then kindling on top is that I can set the whole fire at once. The wax brick or kindling heats up and starts to burn. Coals fall down onto the smaller logs. In the mean time, these smaller logs are drying out and getting heated up. Then they ignite and the process continues with coals falling down to the logs below which are also drying out, getting heated and ready to ignite. It also provides quick heat at the top of the logs to help warm up the flue and establish draft quickly.
Never use flammable liquids or other types of flammable materials to start a fire. Gasoline, kerosene, oils and other flammables can cause a structure fire. There are many uncontrollable characteristics about these and other flammable materials that can quickly get out of hand, not only causing serious injury, but structure fires and/or explosions.
Building a fire starts with a little science and creativity. From knowing what conditions to look for to properly stacking the wood and kindling. This is all part of the art of building the perfect fire in your fireplace. Then sit back and enjoy the warmth and ambiance of your fireplace with your family and friends.
If you need us to come inspect or clean your chimmey or if you have questions about your fireplace, please give us a call at 847-918-7994 or click here to contact us.